Michael J. Gait obtained a Ph. D. in 1973 in Chemistry from the University of Birmingham UK. From 1973-75 he was Research Associate at M.I.T with H.
Dr. Crooke is founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Ionis Pharmaceuticals (the company formerly known as Isis Pharmaceuticals).
Dr. Eckstein received a Ph.D. in chemistry in 1960 at the University of Bonn in Germany. This was followed by a postdoctoral time at the University of Toronto for 2 years with Prof. H. Baer